1776 Thomas Paine's The American Crisis is published.
1783 George Washington resigns as general of the Army and retires to Mount Vernon.
1823 'Twas the Night Before Christmas by Clement C. Moore is published.
1947 At Bell Labs, researchers first demonstrate the transistor, a semiconductor device that becomes a building block for modern electronic equipment.
1986 Dick Rutan and Jeana Yeager land the experimental aircraft Voyager at Edwards Air Force Base, California, to complete the first nonstop, around the world flight without refueling.